So, i've been interested about how much Polish speakers can understand Ukrainian without learning the language, but, most results i found said it's not really mutually intelligible, despite sharing alot or some words. Russian is followed by Polish with over 40 million speakers, Ukrainian with 33 million and Czech with 13 million. I hope you will like it and will be useful for your researches! Because so many Slavic languages are national languages, they tend to have pretty big populations. This has, however, more to do with the new Ukrainian norm. Sledva da se otbelei, e tova delene e uslovno i imenata ne otrazjavat razlini ezici, a samo periodi v razvitieto na balgarskija ezik, za koito se otkrivat charakterni belezi. Paul McGrane. The Croatians left Croatia and came to Italy from 1400-1500. 4. You are wrong about Slovenian and Croatian languages. On the other side, i.e. Thus, this exposure gives them an edge when trying to understand Czech. Slovak has 91% intelligibility of Czech. In addition, Bin Laden is a suspect in other terrorist attacks throughout the world. Much of the claimed intelligibility is simply bilingual learning. However, leaving aside Kajkavian speakers, Croatians have poor intelligibility of Slovenian. He is currently listed on the FBIs Most Wanted Terrorists list. I can easily translate the first two sentences: Bulgarian is the oldest documented Slavic language. Cieszyn Silesian speakers strongly reject the notion that they speak the same language as Upper Silesians. I have had people give me personal estimates like 40%, 85%, 60-65%, 70%,10-15%, less than 1%, etc. These are 33 brand new symbols that you'd have . The standard view among linguists seems to be that Lach is a part of Czech. Je to oficiln jazyk v Bulharsk republice a jeden z 23 oficilnch jazyk v Evropsk unii. I can illustrate it on the video posted above Vojnata vo Bosna. 3. Feb 22, 2020. The idea is that the Kajkavian and Chakavian languages simply do not exist, though obviously they are both separate languages. Macedonian side, the situation is more complicated (i will explain later). Many Turkic languages are mutually intelligible to a higher or lower degree, but thorough empirical research is needed to establish the exact levels and patterns of mutual intelligibility between the languages of this linguistic family. Im Slovenian, my mother tongue is Slovenian, however I have also learnt Serbo-Croatian from a very early age. One more thing is that Serbian has, for example, two versions of the future case, with da (that) and verb in some person form, 1st in this case: ja u da radim (I will work) and ja u raditi where raditi (to work) is an infinitive. The fact that such process works is almost a definition of mutual intelligibility for me. It uses shtokavian dialect but simultaniously italianized vocabulary,and it is very hard to be understood while speaking to a common Croatian speaker.Would that also be considered a separate language? You also have these words? I am afraid you are not right because if you take Serbian dialects till Nis, then they are very mutually intelligible with Macedonian! Or maybe you are just a gatekeeper. Linguistic distance is the name for the concept of calculating a measurement for how different languages are from one another. NATO EU. It forms a single tongue and is not several separate languages as many insist. Czechs see Slovaks as country bumpkins backwards and folksy but optimistic, outgoing and friendly. However, you do say later in the text that slavic mutual newspaper ago. Complicating the picture is the fact that many Ukrainians are bilingual and speak Russian also. Eastern Slovak may have 72% intelligibility of Ukrainian. Chakavian has 82% intelligibility of Kajkavian. Rather than 95%, or 85%. The unintelligibility is only due to the manner of speaking and not because of lexical and/or grammatical differences. Russian has high intelligibility of Belarussian, on the order of 75%. While the two share a similar grammar system and some vocabulary words, . One of the most bizarre cases is that of Bulgarian, where the level of mutual intelligibility with spoken Czech is very low (close to zero), due to a completely different grammar. So I asked my Russian wife to listen to some of them (mostly local news on Youtube). However, Bulgarians claim to be able to understand Serbo-Croatian better than the other way around. He printed out the paper and showed it to his colleagues at the next meeting, and they spent some time discussing it. Slovenian: 20% Or they will say, Well, that is about 70% our language. If it is a dialect, they will say, That is really still our language. Other Western Slovak speakers (Bratislava) say that Eastern Slovak (Kosice) is hard to understand. Look at this Polish girl: The biggest Slavic language by far is Russian, which has 154 million native speakers and over 258 million speakers in total. When I visited Bulgaria I tried to communicate in Serbian language with the Bulgars. Its specific czech and many foreiner has problem spelling it. An example of equal treatment of Malaysian and Indonesian: the, List of dialects or varieties sometimes considered separate languages, List of languages sometimes considered varieties, North Germanic languages Mutual intelligibility, Learn how and when to remove this template message, considered separate languages only for political reasons, "Listening instruction and patient safety: Exploring medical English as a lingua franca (MELF) for nursing education", "The Contribution of Linguistic Factors to the Intelligibility of Closely Related Languages", "Taking taxonomy seriously in linguistics: Intelligibility as a criterion of demarcation between languages and dialects", "uvalar: The Internal Classification & Migration of Turkic Languages", "Mutual Comprehensibility of Written Afrikaans and Dutch: Symmetrical or Asymmetrical? Between sources, you might find some claiming that two languages are mutually intelligible, while other sources claim those same languages arent. Russia Invades Ukraine pt XII. Yet some say that the subtitles are simply put on as a political move due to Ukraines puristic language policy. Kids speak both languages, as well as English, fluently. After all, you can look at the study that I listed above and check the results of the written translation task (translation of 50 individual words), which illustrates the similarity of lexicons: Czechs best understand Slovak words (96,52%), then Polish (64,29%), then Bulgarian (57,00%), Croatian (55,38%) and Slovene (49,73%). Croatian-Shtokavian is only a dialect of Serbian language. Good post, OP. Routledge. Once you pick up those basic 50 words, understanding Macedonian becomes super easy that was my experience with Macedonian friends (the few of them who dont speak Serbian). Many of our word roots are the same. Slovak 50 % spoken, 70 % written In the evening of the first day it reaches 93%, in a week 95%, all unsupervised, almost effortlessly, just by being there, watching, listening, talking and asking for an explanation here and there. Regarding Russian/Ukrainian mutual intelligebility: most people who lived in Ukraine during the Soviet era and return there today say that modern Ukrainian differs greatly from the one spoken during Soviet times. The Mutually Intelligible Languages of 8 Popular World Languages, What You Should Know About Mutually Intelligible Languages, The 11 Best Language Learning Apps of 2023, How to Say Thank You in 35 Different Languages Around the Globe, The Penny Pinchers Guide to Learning Any Language for Free, The Top 8 What Language Should I Learn Online Quizzes, The 6 Best Sources of Language Learning Videos on the Internet. Russian on the other hand uses the Cyrillic alphabet. That information is in error. Ukrainian and Russian are today closer than they were a hundred years ago due to Soviet Russification, and somewhat mutually intelligiblespeakers in Ukraine often switch back and forth from one . This is a great boon to travelers and language learners. Its also highly intelligible with Portuguese in writing, though less so when spoken. Much of the language has changed lots of Turkish loans have been dropped, plenty of standard Serbian terminology has made its way in but Ive had less of a communication issue in Kumanovo (north-eastern Macedonia) than Belgrade (capital of Serbia) back when I was but a young lad. In this week's Slavic languages comparison, we talk about animals in Polish and Ukrainian. Now tokavian and akavian. Was he from Belgrade or Novi Sad or Nis? & relat.)) the use of the accusative is nearly identical in Ni Torlak and Kumanovo Macedonian (cannot say the same for standard Macedonian as it has no accusative to begin with) and is, in general, more of an oblique case than anything else akavski has considerably more italian influence, due to many of the people there speaking italian (vicinity to italy) and the presence of istriot language and the former presence of dalmatian language. Czech-Slovak is now 91%, Czech-Serbo-Croatian is 18%, Czech-Macedonian is 17% and Czech=-Bulgarian is 13%. Usama Bin Laden is wanted in connection with the August 7, 1998, bombings of the United States Embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and Nairobi, Kenya. His wife had never been to Poland and her language was completely foreign to me. Sorry for my English, Im still learning itespecially right word order. Intelligibility problems are mostly on the Czech end because they dont bother to learn Slovak while many Slovaks learn Czech. As an example, in the case of a linear dialect continuum that shades gradually between varieties, where speakers near the center can understand the varieties at both ends with relative ease, but speakers at one end have difficulty understanding the speakers at the other end, the entire chain is often considered a single language.  As a consequence, spoken mutual intelligibility is not reciprocal. Map; Russia's Periphery* Baltic States. How much Slovene can your average Chakavian speaker understand? But reading a Bulgarian text is surprisingly easy, because the phonology and vocabulary are very similar. Many Ukrainian-speakers consider the language . In fact, some say the intelligibility between the two is near zero. . If, for example, one language is related to another but has simplified its grammar, the speakers of the original language may understand the simplified language, but less vice versa. Scientific intelligibility studies of Czech and Slovak have shown ~82% quite high but still low enough for them to be closely related separate languages and not dialects of one language. The Czech law even states that Slovak language can be used in schools and in official documents. In Linguistics, this MI stuff is noncontroversial. Tradues em contexto de "mutuamente compreensvel" en portugus-ingls da Reverso Context : Os membros da equipa de verificao da Comisso podem comunicar com as autoridades e com o pessoal do operador da instalao numa lngua comum e mutuamente compreensvel. akavian is full of romanisms, kajkavian of germanisms and tokavian of turkish and other orientalisms. This makes Polish a much much easier language to learn than Russian. Also cyrillic in Macedonian is almost as same as Serbian, but many Croats dont know or dont want to know cyrillic, and that makes Macedonian more different to them than to Serbs. As soon as one gets even a very moderate amount of exposure, comprehension improves, even between such geographically distant languages as Polish and Serbian I remember staying in Montenegro and a Pole buying bread and a Montenegrin could still communicate with each other speaking at a slow-enough pace. Around 80% comprehension, it gets hard to talk about complex or technical things. Only problem is which is in Czech but not in slovak. On the other hand, it can be difficult for Russians to understand Ukrainian (though it is easy for them to learn it). What Are Mutually Intelligible Languages? Some people in Croatia asked me if I speak Kajkavian when I spoke Slovenian with my friends. Slovenians, Macedonians and Bulgars used to be one nation called Sklaveni and they were living in the south Hungary. , Sign languages are not universal and are usually not mutually intelligible, although there are also similarities among different sign languages. The Russian language in the Ukraine has been declining recently mostly because since independence, the authorities have striven to make the new Ukrainian as far away from Russian as possible by adopting the Kharkiv Standard adopted in 1927 and jettisoning the 1932 Standard which brought Ukrainian more in line with Russian. Complaints have been made that many of these percentages were simply wild guesses with no science behind them. Its grammar is close to that of Russian. 15), Part II", "Intelligibility of standard German and Low German to speakers of Dutch", "Cross-Border Intelligibility on the Intelligibility of Low German among Speakers of Danish and Dutch", "Mutual intelligibility of Dutch-German cognates by humans and computers", "Morpho-syntax of mutual intelligibility in the Turkic languages of Central Asia - Surrey Morphology Group", "Kirundi language, alphabet and pronunciation", "Tokelauan Language Information & Resources", "Majlis Bahasa Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia (MABBIM)", "Indonesian-Malay mutual intelligibility? In contrast, there is often significant intelligibility between different Scandinavian languages, but as each of them has its own standard form, they are classified as separate languages. However, in terms of vocabulary Ukrainian is closer to Polish, from which it has borrowed a large number of words. Writing in Chakavian started very early in the Middle Ages and began to slow down in the 1500s when writing in Kajkavian began to rise. I can understand quite a bit of basic polish when it is spoken on the street, but their pronunciation is so weird its hard to notice sometimes. Yet we speak of Kai/Cha as of Serbo-Croatian dialects, while Slovenian is totally foreign. Intelligibility among languages can vary between individuals or groups within a language population according to their knowledge of various registers and vocabulary in their own language, their exposure to additional related languages, their interest in or familiarity with other cultures, the domain of discussion, psycho-cognitive traits, the mode of language used (written vs. oral), and other factors. If you know Polish, you're likely to understand a little Russian, Ukrainian and other Slavic languages, but this doesn't mean that the languages are mutually intelligible. Portuguese has varying degrees of mutual intelligibility with Spanish, Galician, French and Italian. BR, Although the standard view is that Balachka is a Ukrainian dialect, some linguists say that it is actually a separate language closely related to Ukrainian. 5%? Polish is not intelligible with Kashubian, a language related to Polish spoken in the north of Poland. Ukrainian and Russian only have 60% lexical similarity. Maybe its a lack of vocabulary, but I havent heard that word from someone personally yet. by Christine Ro. Slovak somewhat more than Polish, but still very little. And the 25% is very low. Spoken Bulgarian is very difficult to understand for other Slavs due to phonology and unique syllable stress. The differences to me are like New England English versus English in the deep South versus Australian. Hello, the difference of course is completely arbitrary, but above 90%, most speakers regard their comprehension as full or say things like I understand it completely. Below 90%, it starts getting a lot more iffy, and down towards 80-85%, people start saying things like, I understand most of it but not all! and people start regarding the other tongue as possibly a separate language. Therefore, for the moment, there are five separate Croatian languages: Shtokavian Croatian, Kajkavian Croatian, Chakavian Croatian, Molise Croatian, and Burgenland Croatian.
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